Marine Engineering is a branch of civil engineering that is devoted to the study, design and construction of water-based infrastructure. Marine engineers also undertake researches into marine scientific life, such as the biology of an organism, its environment and its interaction with the external world. They also study the effects of natural disasters on aquatic systems and how they may be prevented. This means that marine engineers are involved in the research, development and deployment of emergency systems in times of natural disasters.
As opposed to civil engineering which mainly deals with creating buildings and roads, a marine engineer’s job is far more complex. They must design and build everything from the smallest of devices to huge ships that are capable of transporting large amounts of people. If a ship’s keel sinks, for example, it would require extensive repairs, which might be a problem if the local area lacks expertise in the necessary repairs. A marine engineer must therefore be able to design a strategy to repair the ship before it takes off again.
Designing a propulsion system for a ship is a challenge. Engineers must incorporate aerodynamics, dynamic positioning and dynamics, hydrodynamic stability and safety features into a ship’s design. For example, a ship might need to have enough deck space for storing weapons, provide access to water for cooling and plumbing, and be able to withstand extreme weather conditions. All of these features are required for the efficient operation of a vessel. Only a well-experienced marine engineer can design a propulsion system that can minimize the potential dangers that could bring damage to a ship.
Oceanic Engineering deals with the study and design of aquatic environments. There are many aspects to marine engineering that apply to the coastlines of coastal areas as well as inland bodies of water. For example, shipboard engines need to be designed to operate efficiently in highly demanding situations. Coastal marine engineers must also ensure that navigation aids reduce collision risk and maintain the efficiency of shipping routes. These factors impact on a ships ability to function and provide a safe route for a ship and its passengers.
A marine engineer must also be familiar with maritime engineering because he or she will be directly involved in operations that use vessels. He or she will probably be required to inspect and test ships during a build up stage, or perform maintenance on them when they are in port. A sailor must also rely on his marine engineer for guidance concerning nautical charts and navigation aids. Sailors must be able to navigate their boats using both compass and a map, and the navigation systems used must be highly sophisticated. Without good navigation aids, a ship could easily become lost or stuck in a dangerous area.
Marine Electrical and Mechanical Systems have two separate functions. Electrical marine engineering focuses on the development and manufacture of electric motors, generators and other devices that require electricity. Mechanical engineering focuses on the design and manufacture of mechanical systems, such as engines and ships’ hulls. There are numerous jobs within these two fields that require knowledge of both mechanical and electrical engineering.